Ohio Veterans Home Museum

World War I Collection

Background to the War

World War I, often referred to as the first modern war, began in 1914 and lasted until 1918. The origins of the war can be traced back to the 19th century during the latter part of the Age of Imperialism. During that period, European countries competed for economic, political and social prestige. The war was officially ignited after the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and his wife were assassinated in the city of Sarajevo. Although the United States originally chose to remain “isolated” from the war, over 154,000 Ohioans were drafted into the military. Together with volunteers and Ohio National Guardsmen, Ohio military forces numbered over 200,000. Out of these, 6,500 individuals would perish for the cause of the war. Besides the military forces, Ohioans also mobilized on the home front to aid the cause of the war.

Click on the images below to learn more about the objects.

German 'Potato Masher', Hand Grenade'
U.S. Battle Folding Lantern with Candle
Uniform of an Unknown Ohio Veterans Home Veteran